Tights, Pantyhose or Stockings - whichever you decide to call it, this fabulous accessory been around for hundreds of years. Let us show you how stockings are made today.
The process starts by feeding five to eight threads of nylon, spandex and or cotton into a machine. Depending on the type of hosiery that is being made, the combination of various materials is selected. While most tights begin with white threads, it is possible for the process to start with non-white color thread (such as lurex, a type of metallic thread). At a rate of 750- 1200 revolution per minute, threads are then woven together in a tubular fashion. Within ninety seconds, tubes of fabric are produced and are inspected for quality assurance. Next, each tube of fabric is cut in the middle to prepare for a gusset, which is the centerpiece of fabric which holds the two legs together. At this point in the process, stockings are flipped inside out for the foot to be sewn together as extra material is cut off at the same time by a machine. Once this step is complete, the stockings are flipped inside out again for the gusset to be installed, thus completing the construction of the hosiery.
It's worth noting here that the method mentioned above is very modern. In the past, hosiery was made by sewing threads of (mainly) nylons to form sheets (and not tubes) of fabric together; as a result, all stockings were commonly referred to as nylons in the past. Additionally, hosiery was created with a back-seam as that was where the sheet of fabric was joined. Stockings used to be constructed with a darkened heel and toe as additional material is used for reinforcement.
Remember how we previously mentioned that most stockings are made with white thread? The reason for this is because most (if not all) hosiery requires a color dye. Once the construction is complete, stockings are placed in a machine for washing (with soapy water) and dying.
As soon as the hosiery is dried, each pair of tights are inspected. Stocking that passes through inspection is then pressed, steamed, dried and packaged for consumption.
At VienneMilano, we believe that legs are a canvas for color and texture, and hosiery allow you to express your style and creativity. We hope you've enjoyed learning about how stockings are generally made. Have a follow-up question to this process? Leave us your comment or question below.
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Reference: How It's Made: Panythose